To develop and not harm: about cartoons and the child’s psyche.
- 1. Educational function
- 2. Stimulation of cognitive functions
- 3. Linguistics and cartoons
- But, in addition to positive factors, cartoons can also have a negative impact:
Psychologist Olga Makarova told how cartoons affect a child: harm and benefit.
Many experts talk about the dangers and benefits of cartoons, none of us can imagine childhood without watching our favorite cartoons.
How often, in what quantity, and on what topics can a child watch cartoons? What is their harm and danger? How to adjust viewing time?
1. Educational function
Educational cartoons have a positive impact on the child. In a playful way, he will learn to distinguish colors, objects, learn simple numbers and letters.
In addition, such a presentation of the material allows you to treat learning as an exciting journey.
2. Stimulation of cognitive functions
With the help of cartoons, the child also learns to reason logically, analyze and compare, compare the properties and qualities of objects.
In addition, cartoons teach children to use auditory and visual analyzers, control attention and learn new movements.
3. Linguistics and cartoons
With the help of cartoons, a child can easily master new words and sentences, both in their native and foreign languages. Funny songs and sayings allow children to memorize even the most difficult words without much difficulty.
With the help of cartoons, the child significantly expands his horizons: he can travel to different countries and get acquainted with the traditions of the peoples of the world, increases erudition, mood, relieves stress, stimulates creativity, imagination and ingenuity.
But, in addition to positive factors, cartoons can also have a negative impact:
1. Violence and rudeness. Even in the kindest cartoons there is a chase, rivalry and competition, sometimes outright mockery of one hero over another.
It is important to ensure that the child does not watch cartoons with similar content.
2. Emotional detachment, unreality. Often in cartoons, the emotional side of the plot is unnecessarily distorted. The hero runs and does not get tired, falls and does not get injured, fights and, as if nothing had happened, continues on his way.
In this case, it is important to talk with the child about the fact that real life and animation have a number of differences and try not to finish watching such cartoons.
3. Disobedience, sedentary lifestyle, abuse. Sometimes a child likes a character or plot so much that he is ready to sit all day long watching his favorite episodes.
In addition, in each plot there are negative characters who can steal, swear, fight and lead an antisocial lifestyle.
It is important to talk with a child if among his favorite cartoons there are those in which such characters stick.
Explain to your child that in real life, this behavior is unacceptable, can provoke aggression, isolation among friends and family, and receive deserved punishment.
In addition, it is important to clearly track the viewing time: do not let the kids watch cartoons for more than 1 hour a day. Try to protect your child from using gadgets before and after waking up.
Another danger of the cartoon is that the child is immersed in the virtual world, but does not receive feedback.
He reacts to the hero, the visuals, but does not learn to “live” his emotions, since this is possible only in contact with another, living person – a brother, sister or parent.
Such stuck and accumulation of unlived emotions can provoke stress, detachment, inability to communicate and communicate in the future.
That is why it is important for parents to maintain contact with the child, communicate, spend time together, walk and get to know the world anew, look at things familiar to an adult in a new way with a direct open children’s look.